Install Basic Tools and Desktop Environment in Arch Linux

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If you’ve followed our previous tutorial of How to Install Arch Linux, then you should already have an Arch system setup. The next steps will be to install some basic tools and a desktop environment.

Install Text Editor

If you need to edit some config files, you’ll need to install a text editor. You can install nano, vi, or whatever your preference is.

pacman -S nano vi vim

Enable 32-bit Applications

If you installed 64-bit Arch, you can edit your pacman.conf file to enable 32-bit applications.

nano /etc/pacman.conf

Look for this section, and uncomment (remove the #) the last two lines:

If you want to run 32 bit applications on your x86_64 system,
enable the multilib repositories as required here.
#[multilib-testing]
#Include = /etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist

Now sync your databases:

pacman -Syy

Create a New User

First, edit visudo to give your new user root permissions:

EDITOR=nano visudo

Find and uncomment this line:

%wheel ALL=(ALL) ALL

Create a new user (change username to the username you want) and set the password:

useradd -m -g users -G stroage,power,wheel -s /bin/bash "username"
passwd "username"

Install Graphical Interfaces

You can install the sound manager with:

pacman -S alsa-utils

If you’re running Arch as a virtual machine, you can install the vmtools:

pacman -S virtualbox-guest-utils

Install LXDM and enable it:

pacman -S lxdm
systemctl enable lxdm

Install your Desktop Environment (I’ll be using XFCE4):

sudo pacman -S xfce4

Install Firefox:

pacman -S firefox

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